E09 3.0 CSL
  History
Production Data
Drivetrain
Chassis
Cosmetics
Special Versions
Colors and Upholstery
   
 
Production Versions
****: 3.0 carburetor (LHD), 05/1971 through 07/1972 (CS VIN RANGE)
3451: 3.0 injection (LHD), 09/1972 through 06/1973
3452: 3.0 injection (RHD), 09/1972 through 01/1973
3451 and 7071: 3.2 injection (LHD), 07/1973 through 10/1973 and 1/1974 through 10/1975
   
History
What makes the 3.0 CSL unique?
The 3.0 CSL is a lightweight, performance-oriented version of the standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi coupe. It was originally developed as a homologation model for the German Touring Car Championship by a separate division within BMW AG, a division that would later become BMW Motorsport GmbH.
Where was the 3.0 CSL first introduced?
The 3.0 CSL was first unveiled at the 1971 Geneva Motor Show.
Is the 3.0CSL considered an M car?
Because the 3.0 CSL was conceived by BMW's competition department, which would be formally incorporated in 1972 as BMW Motorsport GmbH (later renamed BMW M GmbH), it is therefore generally considered to be the first M Series model. Though it does not carry an M badge, the 3.0 CSL would eventually be offered with the tri-color stripes that would form the icon of the M division.
What do the letters "CSL" designate?
The "CS" suffix denotes "Coupe Sport" and was introduced with the Bertone-designed 3200 CS of 1962. The "L" was added to this version of the 3.0 CS in order to denote "Lightweight"
How much lighter is the 3.0 CSL compared to the steel-bodied 3.0 CS?
According to official BMW figures, a non-optioned 3.0 CSL with all the aluminum body panels weighs 2,568 pounds or about 440 pounds less than an equivalent 3.0 CS. City Package-equipped models are 297 pounds heavier than the standard 3.0 CSL at 2,865 pounds.
Why is the later 3.0 CSL sometimes referred to as the "Batmobile"?
In addition to the standard front airdam and rear spoiler, 3.2-liter CSL models could be fitted with a removable "racing kit" consisting of an air guide mounted above the rear window and an enlarged rear spoiler, both designed to increase downforce on the competition machines. The addition of these rather striking appendages resulted in the nickname "Batmobile." Because these items were required on the road version for homologation purpose but could not be installed at the factory due to a conflict with various European laws, they were supplied as the removable kit.
Production Data
How many versions of the 3.0 CSL were developed?
BMW developed four different versions of the 3.0 CSL over five years, all to European specification. The original version, produced in late 1971 and early 1972, utilized the standard 2,985-cc M30 engine with twin carburetors and was only offered in left-hand drive. A fuel-injected model displacing 3,003cc then replaced the earlier carbureted version and was produced in both left-hand drive and right-hand drive forms during late 1972 and early 1973. The final iteration of the 3.0 CSL, all produced in left-hand drive and with a larger 3,153-cc engine, was built in two distinct production runs during late 1973 (first batch) and 1974-75 (second batch).
How many of each version of the 3.0 CSL were produced?
3.0 Carburetor (LHD): 169 produced from 5/1971 through 7/1972
3.0 Injection (LHD): 429 produced from 9/1972 through 6/1973
3.0 Injection (RHD): 500 produced from 9/1972 through 1/1973
3.2 injection ( LHD): 110 produced from 7/1973 through 10/1973, 57 produced from 1/1974 through 10/1975
Where was the 3.0 CSL produced?
Like all 3.0-liter E9-series coupes, the 3.0 CSL was assembled at the Karmann Werkes in Rheine, Germany.
Does the 3.0 CSL have a unique chassis number sequence?
The original carbureted CSLs were based upon standard 3.0 CS production models and therefore have no unique model code or chassis sequence. Instead, their chassis numbers (VINs) fall within the normal 3.0 CS production sequence. However, all fuel-injected CSLs have a unique model code and chassis number sequence. Fuel-injected CSLs with the 3.0-liter motor have VINs that run from 2275001 through 2275429 (left-hand drive version) and 2285001 through 2285500 (right-hand drive version). The final 3.2-liter CSLs (commonly referred to as "Batmobiles") have VINs that run from 2275430 through 2275539 (first batch) and 4355001 through 4355057 (second batch).
Drivetrain
What engines were fitted to the 3.0 CSL?
The engine used in the first version of the 3.0 CSL was entirely unchanged from the standard 2,985-cc M30 inline-6 found in the 3.0 S/3.0 CS models. With an 89mm bore, an 80mm stroke and dual Zenith carburetors, this unit produced 180 hp (DIN) at 6,000 rpm and 192 lb/ft of torque at 3,700 rpm.

The second version of the 3.0 CSL carried over this same basic engine configuration but the bore was increased very slightly to 89.25mm (for a new overall displacement of 3,003cc) and the twin Zenith carbureotrs were replaced by an electronically-controled Bosch fuel injection system. Horsepower increased to 200 hp (DIN) at 5,500 rpm and torque increased to 204 lb/ft at 4,300 rpm. Though these were identical outputs to the standard fuel-injected 2,985-cc unit found in the 3.0 Si/3.0 CSi models, the slightly larger displacement helped better suit the requirements of the competition version.

The final version of the 3.0 CSL utilized a further enlarged version of the fuel-injected M30 powerplant with a longer 84mm stroke for a new overall displacement of 3,153cc. Peak power and torque both increased slightly to 206 hp (DIN) at 5,600 rpm and 215 lb/ft at 4,200 rpm, respectively.
What transmissions were offered on the 3.0 CSL?
All 3.0 CSLs were equipped with the same Getrag four-speed manual gearbox found in other three-liter E9 coupes and utilized the same gear ratios: 3.855 (1), 2.20 (2), 1.40 (3), 1.00 (4). This was mated to a limited slip rear differential (25 percent locking) with an axle ratio of either 3.45:1 (carbureted model) or 3.25:1 (all fuel-injected models).
Chassis
How is the suspension of the 3.0 CSL different from that of the 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi?
Though made up of the same basic MacPherson strut/semi-trailing arm design as all E9 coupes, the CSL incorporates the following changes:
-Bilstein gas-pressurized shocks
-specific progressive-rate springs with 20mm reduced height
-increased camber (1.1-degree in the front, 1.0-degree in the rear)
NOTE: CSLs are not equipped with front or rear anti-roll bars
What kind of steering system is fitted to the 3.0 CSL?
Like all E9 coupes, the 3.0 CSL utilizes a ZF worm and roller steering system, though it is different in two respects: the overall ratio is slightly longer (18.9:1 versus 18.0:1) and it is not power assisted except as an option or when equipped with the available "City Package".
What kind of brakes are fitted to the 3.0 CSL?
The 3.0 CSL is equipped with the same 10.7-inch disc brakes on all four corners as the standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi models.
What size wheels and tires is the 3.0 CSL equipped with?
All 3.0 CSL models are fitted with Alpina 7x14-inch alloy wheels wearing 195/70VR14 tires (originally Michelin XWX).
Cosmetics
How does the exterior of the 3.0 CSL differ cosmetically from the standard 3.0 CS/3.0CSi?
The 3.0 CSL can be distinguished from its 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi counterparts by the following items:
-aluminum hood, doors and trunk lid
-chrome fender lip extensions
-black side stripe with the "3.0 CSL" logo
-racing-style pin release for the hood*
-lack of front bumper*
-lightweight (5.5 lbs.) plastic rear bumper without overriders*
-"Verbel" laminated windshield
-lightweight window glass*
-fixed rear side windows*
-lack of trunk lock and tool kit*
-Alpina 7x14-inch alloy wheels
*does not apply to most UK-spec right-hand drive examples or those with the City Package

In addition, the final 3.2-liter CSL models differed cosmetically from the earlier models by including the following:
-front airdam
-black rubber air guides on the front fenders
-steel trunk lid with plastic rear spoiler and rubber lip
-"3.0 CSL" decal in place of metal rear model badge
-tri-color stripes on side and front airdam (Chamonix and Polaris metallic cars only)
-removable "racing kit" consisting of an air guide above the rear window and large rear spoiler (16 percent less drag)
How does the interior of the 3.0 CSL differ cosmetically from the standard 3.0 CS/3.0CSi?
The interior of the 3.0 CSL can be distinguished from that of the 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi models by its unique three-spoke leather-wrapped steering wheel and Scheel sport seats in black cloth upholstery with black leatherette bolsters. In addition, the roof lining is also black.
What options were offered on the 3.0 CSL?
Though generally equipped to a minimal specification to retain the lightest curb weight, the 3.0 CSL could be fitted at extra cost with the following features: power front windows (including standard glass), tinted windows (including standard glass), velour carpeting, locking gas cap, air conditioning, headlight washer/wipers and passenger-side mirror.
What is the City Package?
A City Package was offered as an option on all 3.0 CSL models and fitted to the majority of right-hand drive cars sold in the UK. Designed to make the 3.0 CSL more usable as a daily driver, it consisted of the following items:
-steel body panels (not included on all examples)
-power steering
-standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi chassis components (including anti-roll bars)
-standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi front and rear bumpers
-standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi windshield
-standard 3.0 CS/3.0 CSi side glass
-rear-window defroster
-chassis undercoating
-interior hood release
-additional sound deadening
-retractable rear side windows (power-operated)
-tool kit on inner trunk lid
-trunk lock
-velour carpeting
Special Versions
NO OFFICIAL SPECIAL VERSIONS OF THE 3.0 CSL WERE PRODUCED.
Color and Upholstery Selections


All 3.0 CSLs are equipped with black Scheel sport seats upholstered in cloth with leatherette bolsters.

PAINT NAME PAINT CODE NOTES
Colorado 002 One of only four colors offered on early carbureted examples.
Ceylon metallic 008 3,003-cc versions (Models 3451 & 3452) only.
Siena Brown 009
Inka 022 One of only four colors offered on early carbureted examples.
Verona 024 One of only four colors offered on early carbureted examples.
Garnet Red metallic 025
Fjord Blue metallic 037
Baikal Blue metallic 042 3,003-cc versions (Models 3451 & 3452) only.
Polaris metallic 060 Available with tri-color side stripes on 3.2-liter CSLs.
Turquoise metallic 065
Golf 070 One of only four colors offered on early carbureted examples.
Taiga metallic 072
Chamonix 085 Available with tri-color side stripes on 3.2-liter CSLs.
Black 086


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