E34 M5
  History
Production Data
Drivetrain
Chassis
Cosmetics
Special Versions
Colors and Upholstery
   
 
Production Versions
HD91: European-spec S38 B36 sedan (LHD), 09/1988 through 04/1992
HD92: European-spec S38 B36 sedan (RHD), 11/1989 through 11/1991
HD93: North American-spec S38 B36 sedan (LHD), 12/1989 through 04/1993
HD98: South African-spec S38 B36 sedan (RHD), 09/1990 through 03/1993
HC91: European-spec S38 B38 sedan (LHD), 12/1991 through 07/1995
HJ91: European-spec S38 B38 Touring (LHD), 03/1992 through 08/1995
HC92: European-spec S38 B38 sedan (RHD), 12/1991 through 06/1995
   
History
What makes the E34 M5 unique?
The E34 M5 is the BMW Motorsport-developed version of the E34 5 Series sedan and (later) Touring. It is powered by the S38 twin-cam 24-valve inline-six, an evolution of the engine used in the E28 M5 and E24 M6. It also has a BMW Motorsport-tuned chassis and a few special cosmetic pieces.
When was the E34 M5 first introduced?
The original 3.6-liter E34 M5 was introduced in September of 1988. The later 3.8-liter version first appeared at the 1991 Frankfurt Motor Show, as did the E34 M5 Touring.
Where was the E34 M5 produced?
Unlike the normal 5 Series, M5s were hand-assembled at the BMW Motorsport facility in Garching, a suburb of Munich. Bodies were pressed at the normal Dingolfing factory, then sent to Garching where they were mated with the engine and interior trim. The only exception was the South African-spec model, assembled at BMW's Rosslyn, South Africa factory from German-supplied Complete Knock Down (CKD) kits.
Did BMW Motorsport ever consider a third body style for the M5?
BMW Motorsport did consider offering a two-door convertible version of the M5 and even produced a fully-functioning prototype under the internal designation E35. This prototype, which still exists as part of BMW M's historical collection, was based on the 3.6-liter M5 and retained the standard 2761mm wheelbase of the E34 sedan and Touring, as well as all bodywork forward of the windshield. However, the steeply-raked windshield itself, as well as the doors and rear fenders, were totally unique to the convertible. Due to an apparent lack of structural rigidity caused by the removal of the roof, steel reinforcements were added under both side valance panels. The car also featured a power-operated cloth roof, which was said to increase the curb weight by roughly 100kg (220lbs), and front seats with integrated seatbelts borrowed from the E31 8 Series. Though it has never been officially confirmed by BMW, many sources claim that the company intended to display the car at the 1989 Geneva Motor Show but pulled it at the last minute when the board of directors refused to green light the project.
Production Data
How many versions of the E34 M5 were produced?
The E34 M5 was produced in two distinct versions, each with several variations. Early cars have a 3,535-cc 24-valve inline-6 known as the S38 B36. These M5s were built in both left-hand and right-hand drive configurations, as well as a North American-specification edition. There were also a small amount of 3.6-liter M5s assembled in South Africa, exclusively for that market.

Starting in late 1991, the majority of European-spec M5 production (with the exception of some late 3.6-liter cars built for Japan and the Middle East) switched to a 3.8-liter (3,795cc) version of the S38 (designated S38 B38) and gained Adaptive M Suspension, plus a few cosmetic changes. The 3.8-liter M5s were available in both LHD and RHD variations, but there were no North American or South African editions. However, there was a small production run (891 built) of the E34 M5 Touring, or station wagon, all built to 3.8-liter European specification in left-hand drive.
How many of each version were produced?
HD91 (ECE-spec 3.6-liter sedan, LHD): 5,877 produced from 09/1988 through 04/1992
HD92 (ECE-spec 3.6-liter sedan, RHD): 524 produced from 11/1989 through 11/1991
HD93 (NA-spec 3.6-liter sedan, LHD): 1,678 produced from 12/1989 through 04/1993
HD98 (SA-spec 3.6-liter sedan, RHD): 265 produced (assembled from CKD kits) from 9/1990 through 03/1993*
HC91 (ECE-spec 3.8-liter sedan, LHD): 2,676 produced from 12/1991 through 07/1995
HJ91 (ECE-spec 3.8-liter Touring, LHD): 891 produced from 03/1992 through 08/1995
HC92 (ECE-spec 3.8-liter sedan, RHD): 343 produced from 12/1991 through 06/1995
*Dates shown indicate final completion of vehicles assmebled in Rosslyn, South Africa.
How many examples of the North American E34 M5 were produced for each model year?
Of the 1,678 examples of the E34 M5 produced for North America (1,484 for the USA and 194 for Canada), the following are the production totals for each of the three model years:
1991: 1,296*
1992: 121
1993: 261
*NOTE: Though technically 1991 models, E34 M5s built for North America before 9/90 were actually built to 1990 specification. These comprise 508 of the 1,296 1991 models produced.
What changed during the production of North American-spec M5s?
Though the E34 M5 was introduced in North America as a 1991 model, production actually began in December of 1989. Cars produced before September of 1990 were therefore built to 1990 specification. Thus. the North American-spec E34 M5 did not actually adopt true 1991 specifications until approximately nine months after production began. At that time, the following items were modified:
-Ellipsoid headlights and foglights replaced by "free form" versions
-Radio head unit updated
-Tilt steering wheel added
-Light Silvergray Nappa leather upholstery (0438) offered in place of Silvergrey Nappa leather (0227)
-Light Silvergray extended Nappa leather upholstery (0417) offered in place of Silvergrey extended Nappa (0319) (Canada only)
-Calypso Red metallic (252) paint available (from 3/91 production)
-Mauritius Blue metallic (287) paint available (from 3/91 production)

For the 1992 model year (starting 7/91 production) the following changes were introduced:
-Rear axle ratio changed from 3.91:1 to 3.73:1
-Remote locking included as standard equipment
-ZF Servotronic (vehicle-speed sensitive) power steering in place of engine-speed sensitive version (USA models only)
-Reduced clutch pedal effort
-Diversity antenna added
-Door sill plates updated to the later design (from 3/92 production)

For the final 1993 model year (starting 9/92 production), the North American M5 was given some cosmetic updates, many of which were first introduced on the Euro-spec 3.8-liter model:
-Granite Silver metallic (237) lower aero panels in place of Sebring Grey metallic (229)
-M System II ("throwing star") wheel covers in place of M System I ("turbine")
-M-Technic side rear-view mirrors in place of the standard 5 Series versions
-Shadowline exterior trim in place of chrome* (*starting with VIN BK06442)
-Front exterior door handles embossed with "BMW Motorsport" text
-Birds-eye maple wood trim added in either a gray or black stain (not available with extended leather option on Canadian models)
-M tri-color stitching added to the airbag steering wheel rim
-Brilliant Red (308) paint replaced by Mugello Red (274) paint
-Lagoon Green metallic (266) and Avus Blue metallic (276) paints available (Lagoon Green metallic for USA only)
How does the U.S.-spec E34 M5 differ from the Canadian version?
In addition to items mandated by different government regulations such as imperial versus metric instrumentation, the U.S and Canadian E34 M5s differ in the following ways:

U.S Specification:
Driver-side airbag with knee bolster: Standard
Headlight washers: Not offered
Leather trim: Basic Nappa leather
Fixed rear console: Standard before 09/90 production, then deleted
Ski bag: Not offered
Heated front seats: Optional
Driver-seat memory function: Optional on 1992 models
Power steering column adjustment: Optional on 1992 models
Servotronic power steering: Standard on 1992 and 1993 models

Canadian Specification:
Driver-side airbag with knee bolster: Optional
Headlight washers: Standard
Leather trim: Basic Nappa leather, with extended Nappa leather available as an option
Fixed rear console: Standard before 09/90 production, then optional
Ski bag: Standard
Heated front seats: Standard
Driver-seat memory function: Optional on 1992 and 1993 models
Power steering column adjustment: Not offered
Servotronic power steering: Not offered
What major revisions were made to the European-spec E34 M5 during its production?
Except for minor trim and equipment variations, there were few revisions to the original European-spec E34 M5 during its production. The first major round of changes occurred with the introduction of the more powerful 3.8-liter M5 in late 1991. Along with the larger engine, the 3.8-liter M5 brought Adaptive M Suspension, a reduced-effort clutch and a myriad of cosmetic alterations. Also, the M5 Touring was added at this time.

The final evolution of the E34 M5 entered production in May of 1994 and included the following upgrades:
-Getrag Type D six-speed manual gearbox
-Enlarged brake rotors with two-piece "floating" front calipers
-Thicker rear anti-roll bars (19mm on sedans, 20mm on Tourings) from the discontinued Nürburgring Package
-EDC mode switch from the discontinued Nürburgring Package
-Staggered 18-inch M Parallel Spoke wheels with 245/40ZR18 tires
-Widened front "kidney" grilles with revised hood to match
Of the 3,910 3.8-liter E34 M5s produced, how many were the later six-speed manual version?
BMW M GmbH produced 752 examples of the later E34 M5 3.8 six-speed, divided among the following configurations:
ECE 3.8 sedan six-speed (LHD): 404 produced
ECE 3.8 Touring six-speed (LHD): 209 produced
ECE 3.8 sedan six-speed (RHD): 139 produced
Drivetrain
How is the S38 engine in the E34 M5 different from the version used in the E28 M5?
The early E34 M5 uses an evolution of the 24-valve inline-six found in the E28 M5 and E24 M635CSi/M6. Despite its official designation of S38 B36, this BMW Motorsport powerplant technically remains a 3.5-liter, with a bore of 93.4mm (same as the previous engine) and a stroke of 86mm (up 2mm on the early S38) for a total capacity of 3535cc (up from 3453cc). The added stroke is due to a new forged steel crankshaft, though the camshafts were also changed. Compression is up slightly (10:1 versus 9.8:1). Further enhancements include:
-An electronically-controlled butterfly valve in the inlet manifold to provide better low-rpm and mid-range power
-Bosch Motronic fuel injection for precise metering of the air/fuel mixture
-Improved flywheel
-Equal length stainless steel headers
-Three way ceramic catalysts (similar to those used on the M70 V12 engine)

The S38 B36 is rated at 315 hp (DIN) or 310 hp (SAE) at 6,900 rpm and 266 lb/ft of torque at 4,750 rpm. Like the earlier S38 B35, it carries the "BMW M Power" inscription on its cam cover but the design of almost every component is different. Also, unlike the engine used in the E28 M5, the S38 B36 engine in the E34 M5 was created to meet all worldwide emission standards from the start. It therefore was equipped with a catalyst as standard equipment in almost all markets, though a special non-catalyst version was produced for South Africa, the Middle East and a few other regions where unleaded fuel was not yet mandatory.
How is the 3.8-liter M5 engine (S38 B38) different from the 3.6-liter version (S38 B36)?
The final evolution of the S38 powerplant, the S38 B38, was introduced in later versions of the European-spec E34 M5. In this application, the bore was increased (to 94.6mm) and the stroke lengthened (to 90mm), raising the displacement to 3,795cc. Though the added capacity makes the S38 B38 the largest six-cylinder production BMW engine of the modern era, it represents only a portion of the major revisions developed by BMW Motorsport at this time. Others include:
-Larger intake and exhaust valves
-Lighter pistons
-Shorter connecting rods
-50mm throttle bodies (increased from 46mm)
-Increased compression to 10.5:1
-Bosch Motronic 3.3 engine management system
-Distributorless ignition with six coils
-Redesigned intake and exhaust manifolds
-Revised throttle butterfly linked to Motronic engine control
-Dual-mass flywheel with harmonic balancer
-Metal catalysts for reduced backpressure and better heat conduction

The S38 B38 is normally rated at 340 hp (ECE) or 347 hp (DIN) at 6,900 rpm and 295 lb/ft of torque at 4,750 rpm. However, a cleaner version was developed for Austria and Switzerland, rated at 334 hp (ECE) and later 327 hp (ECE). The S38 B38 can be identified by its grey (instead of black) cam cover surround.
What kind of gearbox does the E34 M5 have?
All M5s built before May of 1994 utilize a Getrag 280/5 five-speed manual gearbox with the following ratios: 3.51 (1), 2.08 (2), 1.35 (3), 1.00 (4), 0.81 (5). This was mated to a 3.91:1 final drive on all five-speed M5s with the exception of North American-spec examples built after July of 1991, which have a taller 3.73:1 final drive for better fuel economy.

In May of 1994, the five-speed transmission was replaced by a Getrag Type D six-speed manual gearbox with the following ratios: 4.23 (1), 2.52 (2), 1.66 (3), 1.22 (4), 1.00 (5), 0.83 (6). It came paired to a taller 3.23:1 final drive.

All E34 M5s have a standard limited slip differential with a maximum locking of 25 percent.
Chassis
How is the suspension of the E34 M5 different from the standard E34 5 Series?
The chassis of the E34 M5 is based on the MacPherson strut/semi-trailing arm design of the normal E34 5 Series but incorporates the following changes:
-20mm reduction in ride height
-25 percent firmer spring rates
-Firmer shock valving all around and self-leveling springs in the rear
-Thicker antiroll bars* (25mm vs. 23mm in the front, 18mm vs. 15mm in the rear)
-Adjustable rear toe-in
*NOTE: M5 Tourings produced before May of 1994 were equipped with a thicker 19mm rear anti-roll bar, also fitted to 3.8-liter M5 sedans equipped with the Nürburgring Package. M5 Tourings equipped with the Nürburgring Package were upgraded to a 20mm rear anti-roll bar. The 19mm rear bar became standard on all M5 sedans produced after May of 1994, at which point the 20mm rear bar became standard on all M5 Tourings.

All 3.8-liter M5s are further fitted with the Adaptive M Suspension, an M-tuned version of the Electronic Damping Control system that was introduced in the E32 7 Series. This system electronically chooses the optimum shock rates based on sensors that gather road speed, steering input, acceleration/deceleration loads and lateral body movements. In addition, five-speed 3.8-liter M5s equipped with the Nürburgring Package and all six-speed E34 M5s have a control switch on the dashboard that allows the Adaptive M Suspension to be locked into its firmest setting during aggressive driving.
How is the steering system of the E34 M5 different from the standard E34 5 Series?
Like all E34 5 Series, the E34 M5 uses a recirculating ball steering design, but the overall ratio is reduced from 16.2:1 to 15.6:1.

Two types of power assistance were offered: An engine-speed sensitive system and a vehicle-speed sensitive system developed by ZF and called Servotronic, The former was fitted as standard to all European-spec, South African-spec and Canadian-spec M5s, as well as U.S.-spec M5s produced for the 1991 model year. Servotronic was available as an extra-cost option on all European-spec M5s and was fitted as standard equipment on all U.S.-spec M5s produced for the 1992 and 1993 model years. In addition, it was also included as part of the optional Nürburgring Package for 5-speed 3.8-liter M5 sedans and Tourings.
What is the Nürburgring Package?
Though the Adaptive M Suspension was fitted to all 3.8-liter M5s, those produced before May of 1994 could be upgraded with the optional Nürburgring Package, named after the famous road course (and BMW proving ground) in north-west Germany. The package consisted of the following items:
-ZF Servotronic vehicle-speed sensitive power steering (also offered as an individual option)
-Thicker rear anti-roll bars (19mm on sedans, 20mm on Tourings)
-Wider 9x17-inch alloy wheels with 255/40ZR17 rear tires (already standard on the M5 Touring)
-A control switch for the Adaptive M Suspension, allowing the EDC shocks to be locked in to their firmest position.

This package was discontinued with the introduction of the six-speed E34 M5 in May of 1994, which featured the thicker rear anti-roll bars, staggered wheels (now in 18-inch form) and switchable shocks as standard equipment. However, the Servotronic steering assist remained an individual option.
What size brakes does the E34 M5 have?
All M5s feature larger brakes than their standard E34 counterparts. Those built before May of 1994 utilize 12.4-inch vented front disc brakes and 11.8-inch solid rear disc brakes, though these became vented as of 10/89 production. The update to all M5s in May of 1994 brought even larger front and rear vented discs, now measuring 13.6-inches and 12.8-inches, respectively. Furthermore, the front rotors now featured a new two-piece “floating” design for better heat dissipation.
What are the factory wheel and tire sizes for the E34 M5?
There are two factory 17-inch wheels for the E34 M5: M System I and M System II. Both are a two-piece wheel with a forged five-spoke center and a cast rim covered by an outer cover. The only difference is the design of the outer cover: "turbine" for the M System I and "throwing star" for the M System II. This outer cover is interchangeable between the two M System wheels, making updating form the earlier style to the later style an easy (and therefore common) procedure.

All 3.6-liter M5s (with the exception of North American-spec 1993 models) are equipped with 8x17-inch M System I wheels carrying 235/45ZR17 tires. In some markets outside of North America, the rears could be upgraded to a wider 9x17-inch version with 255/40ZR17 tires as an extra-cost option.

All 3.8-liter M5s built before May of 1994 (as well as North American-spec 3.6-liter M5s produced for the 1993 model year) are equipped with the later M System II design. Wheel size remained 8x17-inch all around or, as an extra-cost option, the wider 9x17-inch version could be specified in the rear. These 9x17-inch rear wheels (carrying wider 255/40ZR17 tires) were fitted to all pre-5/94 3.8-liter M5 sedans equipped with the optional Nürburgring Package, as well as all pre-5/94 E34 M5 Tourings (whether optioned with the Nürburgring Package or not).

All M5 sedans and Tourings built after May of 1994 were upgraded to staggered M Parallel Spoke wheels measuring 8x18-inches in the front and 9x18-inches in the rear. These carry 245/40ZR18 tires on all four wheels. Note: Though nearly identical in style to the 18-inch M Parallel Spoke wheels later used on the E38 7 Series, the E34 M5 wheels have a different matte silver finish and a unique offset.
Cosmetics
How is the E34 M5’s exterior different from that of a normal 5 Series?
An E34 M5 is most easily distinguished from a normal 5 Series by its unique lower body panels that include a specific front airdam, side valances and rear diffuser. These are painted in a contrasting Diamond Black metallic (181), Sebring Grey metallic (229) or Granite Silver metallic (237), depending on the car’s exterior color and production date. In addition, the E34 M5 has large-diameter twin exhaust pipes, plus an “M5” grille badge (not included on late "wide grille" models) and decklid badge (not fitted upon request). Like the previous E28 M5, these could be deleted upon request. Dechromed window trim (known as Shadowline) was optional on the E34 M5 in most markets, as was a body-color rear decklid spoiler. Starting with the production of the 3.8-liter model, the E34 M5 could be ordered (in most markets) with aerodynamic M rear-view mirrors (also fitted to all North American-spec E34 M5s for the 1993 model year). All E34 M5 sedans have a black plastic panel that fills in the gap between the taillights and the license plate. Though this panel was only fitted to M5 sedans, this same area on the M5 Touring is covered in an exclusive textured black paint (instead of the normal body-color).

The E34 M5 was also the only regular production 5 Series to be fitted from the factory with 17-inch M System alloy wheels in either a “turbine” style known as M System I (all 3.6-liter models and North American-spec cars up to 9/92) or a “throwing star” design known as M System II (all 3.8-liter cars up to 5/94 and North American-spec after 9/92). The final six-speed 3.8-liter M5s (from 5/94) use an 18-inch M Parallel Spoke design, also essentially unique to the M5 within the E34 range.
How is the North American-spec E34 M5 cosmetically different from the European-spec version?
Aside from government-mandated safety features such as bumper-mounted side marker lights, North American cars are visually identical to their European-market counterparts. The sole exception are the 1993 model-year examples, which have the exterior appearance of the European-spec 3.8-liter M5, but retain the 3.6-liter engine and chassis.
How is the South African version of the E34 M5 cosmetically different from the German-built version?
The South African-built M5s are cosmetically identical to the European-spec cars. However, because their bodies were painted at the Rosslyn factory instead of at BMW AG in Germany, different paint selections were offered. In addition, the Nappa leather interior of the South African models is equipped with unique leather door panel inserts.
How is the exterior of the 3.8-liter M5 cosmetically different from that of the 3.6-liter model?
The wheels are the main exterior differentiator between a 3.6-liter E34 M5 and a later 3.8-liter model. The European-spec 3.6-liter M5s were all equipped with the M System I (“turbine”) wheel design, while the 3.8 utilized the M system II (“throwing star”) version until April, 1994. At that point, all M5s were upgraded to the 18-inch M Parallel Spoke wheels. (Note: North American-spec 1993 M5s use the later M System II wheel even though they are powered by the earlier 3.6-liter engine.)

In addition, the contrasting color of the lower aerodynamic body panels differed between the 3.6-liter and 3.8-liter M5 models. On the 3.6-liter examples ,these were painted either Diamond Black metallic (181) or Sebring Grey metallic (229). This changed with the 3.8-liter version to a choice of either Diamond Black metallic (181) or Granite Silver metallic (237). (Note: the change from Sebring Grey to Granite Silver also applies to the 1993 North American-spec E34 M5, which retained the 3.6-liter motor.)
What distinguishes the interior of the E34 M5 from that of a normal E34 5 Series?
Though the basic architecture of the interior is identical to that of any E34 5 Series, the M5 interior does have a few unique items: The unique instrument cluster contains red needles, an oil temperature gauge under the tachometer (instead of an economy gauge) and an M logo between the speedometer and tachometer. This instrument cluster includes an integrated check control vehicle monitoring system. Like the E28 M5, there are "M5" trim plates on all four door sills (in one of two versions, depending upon the production date) and a fully-carpeted trunk with a luggage net and special storage compartment on the left side.

All E34 M5s are equipped with sport front seats, identical in shape and adjustment to those fitted as an option to other E34 5 Series models. Power controls were either standard or optional, depending upon the year and market. On European-spec M5s, the seats could be upholstered in a unique M cloth with leather boolsters on 3.6-lier models or a different M cloth with Amaretta suede bolsters on 3.8-liter models, as well as optional leather. Also, all E34 M5s built before September, 1990 have a fixed rear center console that effectively makes them four-seaters. This console became optional in most markets starting with September, 1990 production.

There were five different factory steering wheels available on the E34 M5, depending on the market and production date. Most 3.6-liter models and some early 3.8-liter cars have the three-spoke M-Technic II steering wheel without an airbag but with the M logo on the third spoke. Standard on U.S.-spec M5s and optional in most other markets (including Canada) was the regular airbag-equipped four-spoke BMW wheel. Starting with September, 1992 production, this wheel was upgraded to include the M tri-color stitching on the rim. Beginning with the 1994 model year (09/93 production), E34 M5s could be fitted with either an M-enhanced version of the four-spoke airbag wheel, now including a thicker rim with thumb grips and a revised center pad, or a new non-M three-spoke wheel with an integrated Euro-sized airbag. A leather-wrapped shift knob with illuminated shift pattern and the M tri-color stripe was fitted as standard to all E34 M5s. Also, the area around the shift lever is unique in that it is recessed for extra storage.
What are all the ways that the interior of U.S. and Canadian E34 M5s differ?
All North American E34 M5s are mechanically identical and share the same exterior appearance, with the exception of standard headlight washers on Canadian-spec cars. This feature aside, it is only on the inside that U.S. and Canadian cars can be distinguished from each other. The following are all the ways the two models differ, aside from having metric (Canada) or non-metric (U.S.) instrumentation:

U.S Specification:
Leather trim: Standard on seats only
Fixed rear console: Standard before 09/90 production, then deleted
Heated seats: Optional
Driver’s airbag with knee bolster: Standard
Driver’s three-position seat memory and power steering column adjustment: Not available

Canadian Specification:
Leather trim: Standard on seats only, optional Extended trim with leather on center console, door pulls, glovebox door
Fixed rear console: Standard before 09/90 production, optional after
Heated seats: Standard
Driver’s side airbag with knee bolster: Optional
Driver’s three-position seat memory and power steering column adjustment: Optional
How does the interior of the South African E34 M5 differ from that of the German-built model?
There were no significant differences between the interior of the German-built E34 M5 and those assembled in South Africa, although the level of standard equipment was generally higher on South African models.
How is the interior of the 3.8-liter M5 different from that of the 3.6-liter version?
The interior of the 3.8-liter E34 M5 is essentially identical to the one found in 3.6-liter models. The main exception concerns the style of the standard upholstery, which was changed from the M cloth seats and door panels with Nappa leather on the outer bolsters used on 3.6-liter models to a different type of M cloth on the center part of the seats and door panels with Amaretta (synthetic suede) on the side bolsters. In addition, 3.8-liter M5s have more pronounced door sill plates with the “M5” logo displayed in a style similar to that of the E36 M3. (Note: This style was also adopted to 3.6-liter M5s starting around 1/92 production.)
What features were optional on the E34 M5?
Like other M models, the level of standard and optional equipment for the E34 M5 varied significantly from year to year and market to market. Major exterior options (standard in some markets) included a power sunroof, heated headlight and foglight washers, Shadowline (dechromed) window trim and a body-color rear spoiler. Interior options included many types of upholstery, power front seats, heated front seats, automatic climate control, cruise control and various audio systems. Like the E28 M5, the hand-built nature of the E34 M5 allowed for even more variation of the interior equipment than in a regular 5 Series. Therefore, In addition to requests for unique types of upholstery, dashboard and console trims, specialty items such as upgraded audio systems, phones, fax machines and televisions were also offered by BMW Individual under special request in many markets (North America excluded).
What types of leather trim were available on the E34 M5?
There were three types of leather trim offered as part of the normal upholstery options for the E34 M5: The most basic included leather only on the seats. This was the only type available on U.S.-spec M5s, where it was standard. In most other markets (including Canada), the interior could be upgraded to "extended leather", which added hide on the center console, door pulls, and glovebox door. Finally, the top-level "complete leather" interior further added leather to the upper dashboard (including instrument cluster surround), A-pillars, upper door panels, sunvisors and rear parcel shelf. The complete leather interior also included an Alcantara (synthetic suede) headliner.Please note that not all upholstery colors were offered with every leather type. See "Color and Upholstery Selections" below.
Special Versions
Were there any special versions of the E34 M5?
There were four official special editions of the E34 M5 sedan: The Cecotto, Winkelhock and "20 Jahre" editions were offered exclusively as left-hand drive European-spec models, while the right-hand drive UK Limited Edition was only sold in the United Kingdom. In addition, a special "NAGHI" edition of the E34 M5 sedan was produced for the Saudi Arabian market and an unofficial special edition of the M5 Touring, known as the "Elekta," was produced exclusively for Italy.
What is an E34 M5 Cecotto edition?
In 1991, BMW asked two of its racing drivers to design their own ideal version of an E34 M5. One of the drivers was multiple Touring Car champion Johnny Cecotto. His ideal M5 was one fitted with a full host of luxury items. BMW M then offered the public a special edition model based on this ideal M5.

A total of 22 Cecotto M5s were produced (20 production and two pre-production) during the Spring of 1991, split evenly into two different color and trim combinations: Lagoon Green metallic (266) with a Bi-Color Parchment + Light Parchment complete Nappa leather interior (including leather on the steering wheel hub, steering column and horn pad if not equipped with a driver-side airbag) or Mauritius Blue metallic (287) with a Bi-Color Silvergrey + Light Silvergrey complete Nappa leather interior (including leather on the steering wheel hub, steering column and horn pad if not equipped with a driver-side airbag). Each example included all of the following equipment:
-Servotronic power steering assist
-Burl walnut wood interior trim
-Power sunroof
-Power rear sunshade
-Velour floor mats
-Power and heated front seats with driver-side memory
-Heated rear seats
-Automatic climate control with automatic air recirculation
-Headlight washers
-BMW Bavaria C Business radio
-Special leather service book pouch, key holder and gold pin

In addition, the following options were available for an additional charge:
-Driver-side airbag
-Alarm system
-Deletion of model designation
-M rear spoiler
-Shadowline exterior trim
-Green-tinted windshield stripe
-Auto-dimming interior mirror
-Power-adjustable rear headrests
-Cruise control
-Rear reading lamps
-Cassette storage box
-9x17-inch rear wheels
-BMW Bavaria C Professional radio (with or without 10-disc CD changer) or BMW Bavaria Electronic CD radio
What is an E34 M5 Winkelhock edition?
In 1991, BMW asked two of its racing drivers to design their own ideal version of an E34 M5. One of the drivers was Joachim Winkelhock, known for his success on the racing circuit with the Schnitzer E30 M3. His ideal M5 was a lightweight edition, stripped of most comfort features but fortified with additional performance-oriented items. BMW M then offered the public a special edition model based on this ideal M5.

A total of 51 Winkelhock M5s were produced (50 production and one pre-production) during the Spring of 1991, all painted Jet Black (668) with contrasting lower body panels in Sterling Silver metallic (244). Each was equipped with Shadowline exterior trim, power sunroof, velour floor mats, 9x17-inch rear wheels and a BMW Bavaria C Business radio with hi-fi speaker system, as well as the following special equipment:
-Smaller battery* (66 amp versus 85 amp)
-Smaller gas tank* (80 liters)
-Reduced sound deadening material*
-Deletion of power rear windows, rear headrests, fog lights, headlight washers, vanity mirrors*
-Wider 255/40ZR17 rear tires on 9x17 M System I alloy wheels
-Suede-covered steering wheel, shift knob, shift boot, parking brake handle
-Evolution front sport seats in Anthracite M cloth with Black Nappa leather bolsters
-Red seat belts front and rear
-Special leather service book pouch, key holder and gold pin
*NOTE: These changes reduced the curb weight of the Winkelhock M5 by 88 lbs. compared to the standard M5.

In addition, the available option list was reduced to the following features:
-M rear spoiler
-manual rear sunshade
-air conditioning or automatic climate control (both with 85-amp battery)
-BMW Bavaria C Professional radio with 10-disc CD changer or BMW Bavaria Electronic CD radio
What is an E34 M5 "Naghi Motors" edition?
At the request of Naghi Motors, the BMW importer for Saudi Arabia, BMW Motorsport GmbH produced 15 special examples of the 3.6-liter E34 M5 sedan. Known as the "Naghi" edition, these were the final ECE-spec 3.6-liter M5s produced. and were all built in late March and early April of 1992. Like all Gulf-specification E34 M5s, they were built without catalysts and were therefore rated at 318 hp (DIN). Five examples were produced in three different exterior colors each: Jet Black (668), Alpine White II (218) and Lagoon Green metallic (266).

Each “Naghi” edition was fitted with only the following regular options:
-Rear spoiler
-Shadowline trim
-Green windshield stripe
-Velour floor mats
-Air conditioning
-BMW Bavaria Cassette III radio

In addition, each “Naghi” edition was equipped from the factory with the following special equipment:
-Recaro SR front seats with Black leather bolsters and either Anthracite M cloth inserts (Jet Black and Alpine White II examples) or Neon Green/Anthracite striped cloth inserts (Lagoon Green examples)
-Red seatbelts
-M System II alloy wheels (8x17-inch front, 9x17-inch rear)
-Hirschmann phone antenna

Finally, the following additional equipment was added by Naghi Motors once the cars arrived in Saudi Arabia:
-Red leather steering wheel, gear shift knob and parking brake handle
-M tri-color stripes on the front driver-side edge of the hood
-Special door sill plates with the "Naghi Motors" insignia
What is an E34 M5 "20 Jahre" edition?
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of BMW Motorsport, BMW built a limited run of 20 specially-equipped M5s in October of 1992. Based on the 3.8-liter sedan, they are all painted Mugello Red (274) and include several regular options (Nürburgring Package, Shadowline trim, driver-side airbag, power sunroof, headlight washers, air conditioning with automatic air recirculation, BMW Bavaria Cassette III radio with hi-fi speakers), as well as the following special equipment:
-M Technic rearview mirrors
-Contrasting M lower body panels in Jet Black (668)
-M System II wheels with Jet Black "throwing star" covers
-Recaro SR sport seats in special M cloth with Anthracite Amaretta (faux suede) bolsters
-
suede-covered steering wheel, shift knob, shift boot and parking brake handle, all with red stitching
-Carbon fiber trim on dash and door panels
-Red seatbelts with "BMW Motorsport" lettering
-Plaque on the center console with each individual number in the edition of 20
What is an E34 M5 UK Limited Edition?
To celebrate the end of E34 M5 production, BMW of Great Britian requested that the final 50 right-hand drive examples of the model were produced with BMW Individual paint and interior trim. Though this special series was initially going to be called the "Steve Soper Edition" (after the legendary BMW race driver), the idea was abandoned at the last minute and the cars simply became known as the "E34 M5 UK Limited Edition".

All 50 examples were produced between March and June of 1995 in one of two unique color and trim conbinations: Rosso Red metallic (369) with a Champagne extended Nappa leather interior and Natural Poplar wood trim (15 built) or Orinoco metallic (406) with a Bi-color Petrol + Mint extended Nappa leather interior and Graphite Birds-Eye Maple wood trim (35 built). All were equipped with a storage net in the passenger footwell and a special wood shift knob + parking brake handle, as well as a unique numbered plaque on the center console. With the exception of Servotronic power steering assist (fitted to just five examples), all 50 cars were identically equipped with the following options: three-spoke (airbag) steering wheel, Shadowline exterior trim, green-tinted windshiled stripe, power sunroof, auto-dimming interior mirror, headlight washers, power front seats and air conditioning.
What is an E34 M5 Touring "Elekta" edition?
At the request of several Italian BMW dealers, a special edition known as the "Elekta" was created by BMW Individual to commemorate the 20 final examples of the E34 M5 Touring produced for the Italian market. Two unique color schemes were available (10 examples in each variation): Sterling Silver metallic (244) with a Marine Blue Nappa leather interior and matching carpeting or British Racing Green (312) with a Hazlenut Nappa leather interior and Mexico Green carpeting. Both schemes included extended leather on the center console, door pulls and glove box door, as well as a black leather dashboard and black leather upper door panels. (However, the leather A-pillar trim, leather sun visors and Alcantara headliner normally fitted to E34 M5s with the complete Nappa leather interior option were not included.) In addition to a storage net in the passenger-side footwell (only available from BMW Individual), all examples of the Elekta edition were further equipped with the following features from the normal option list: three-spoke (airbag) steering wheel, Shadowline exterior trim, roof rails, dual power sunroof, power front seats with driver-side memory, auto-dimming interior mirror, radio preparation, hi-fi speaker system, headlight washers and automatic climate control with automatic air recirculation. Some examples were also fitted with a special metal shift knob insert inscribed with "Elekta" and each unique car number in the edition of 20.
Color and Upholstery Selections


The following chart lists all regularly available paint colors for the German-built E34 M5 models. The South African-assembled model (HD98) is excluded due to its use of local paint colors.

PAINT NAME PAINT CODE MODEL AVAILABILITYPRODUCTION PERIOD
Black 086 HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Jet Black 668 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1989 through 08/1995
Alpine White II 218 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1988 through 08/1993
Alpine White III 300 HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1993 through 08/1995
Misano Red 236 HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Brilliant Red 308 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1989 through 08/1992
Mugello Red 274 HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1992 through 08/1994
Bright Red 314 HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1994 through 08/1995
Diamond Black metallic 181 HD91, HD92, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1988 through 04/1994
Cosmos Black metallic 303 HC91, HC92, HJ9105/1994 through 08/1995
Salmon Silver metallic 203 HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Sterling Silver metallic 244 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1989 through 04/1994
Arctic Silver metallic 309 HC91, HC92, HJ9105/1994 through 08/1995
Sebring Grey metallic 229 HD91, HD9209/1988 through 08/1992
Granite Silver metallic 237 HC91, HC92, HJ9112/1991 through 08/1993
Fjord Grey metallic 310 HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1993 through 08/1995
Malachite Green metallic 205 HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Lagoon Green metallic 266 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1990 through 08/1993
Oxford Green metallic 324 HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1993 through 08/1995
Macao Blue metallic 250 HD91, HD9209/1988 through 04/1992
Mauritius Blue metallic 287 HD91, HD92, HD9309/1990 through 06/1992
Avus Blue metallic 276 HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9112/1991 through 07/1995
Calypso Red metallic 252 HD91, HD92, HD93, HC91, HC92, HJ9109/1989 through 08/1995
Daytona Violet metallic 283 HC91, HC92, HJ9112/1991 through 08/1995


The following chart lists all regularly available upholsteries for the German-built E34 M5 models. The South African-assembled model (HD98) is excluded due to its use of locally-sourced upholsteries.

NOTE: Nappa "Textil Webstruktur" seat centers (Option 785) available in combination with Nappa leather on HD91 models (and via the BMW Individual program on HD92) starting with 4/90 production.

UPHOLSTERY NAME CODE MODEL AVAILABILITYPRODUCTION PERIOD
Anthracite M cloth +
Nappa leather bolsters
0313 / 0314 / A8AT HD91, HD9211/1988 through 04/1992
Silvergrey M cloth +
Nappa leather bolsters
0315 / 0416 / A8SL HD91, HD9211/1988 through 04/1992
Anthracite M cloth +
Amaretta bolsters
0475 / A9AT HC91, HC92, HJ9112/1991 through 08/1995
Silvergrey M cloth +
Amaretta bolsters
0476 / A9SL HC91, HC92, HJ9112/1991 through 08/1995
Black Nappa leather 0226 / 0526 HD9312/1989 through 04/1993
Black extended
Nappa leather
0318 / L7SW HD91, HD92, HD93 (Canada only),
HC91, HC92, HJ91
09/1988 through 08/1995
Black complete
Nappa leather
0330 / L8SW HD91, HC9109/1989 through 08/1995
Silvergrey Nappa leather 0227 HD9312/1989 through 8/1990
Silvergrey extended
Nappa leather
0319 HD91, HD92, HD93 (Canada only)09/1988 through 08/1990
Silvergrey complete
Nappa leather
0331 HD9109/1989 through 08/1990
Light Silvergrey
Nappa leather
0438 / 0527 HD9309/1990 through 04/1993
Light Silvergrey extended
Nappa leather
0417 / L7SH HD91, HD92, HD93 (Canada only),
HC91, HC92
09/1990 through 07/1995
Light Silvergrey complete
Nappa leather
0419 / L8SH HD91, HC9109/1990 through 07/1995
Light Silvergrey + Dark Silvergrey
extended Nappa leather
0493 / N3SH HJ9103/1992 through 08/1995
Natur extended
Nappa leather
0320 / L7NR HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Natur complete
Nappa leather
03XX / L8NR HD9109/1988 through 08/1989
Champagne extended
Nappa leather
0312 / L7CM HD91, HD92, HD93 (Canada only),
HC91, HC9
09/1989 through 07/1995
Champagne complete
Nappa leather
0321 / L8CM HC9109/1992 through 07/1995
Light Parchment + Dark Parchment
extended Nappa leather
0494 / N3PE HJ9103/1992 through 08/1995
Siamgrey extended
Buffalo leather
0322 HD9109/1988 through 08/1990
Anthracite extended
Buffalo leather
0418 / M7AT HD91, HC9109/1990 through 07/1995


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